Thiamine Mononitrate ( Vitamin B1 )

Vitamins
 

Function

Thiamin, Also Known As Vitamin B1, Is A Water-soluble Vitamin That Is Added To Foods To Supplement Nutritionmanufacturers Usually Add B Vitamins To Food Either Under Federal Mandate, To Improve Nutrition And Make Health Claims For Their Foodsflour Manufacturers, For Example, Are Required To Add Thiamin To White Flour Because The Milling Process Strips The Wheat Of Many Essential Nutrients.

Other use and industries

Thiamin Mononitrate Is Used In The Pharmaceutical Industry To Treat Beriberi And General Malnutrition Or Malabsorption.

Health effects

Thiamine Is Used In The Body To Help Break Down Food Into Energy It Is Also Important In Immune System Healththiamine Deficiency Is Called Beriberi And Can Result In Symptoms Like Burning Feet, Diminished Sense And Reflexes, Muscle Pain And Weakness, Rapid Heart Rate And Swellingmore Serious Symptoms Include Difficulty Breathing, Seizures, And Congestive Heart Failure Beriberi Can Also Occur In Patients With Anorexia, Stomach Cancer, Aids Or Alcohol Abuse Where Typical Symptoms Are Abnormal Eye Movements, Gait Disturbances And Sometimes The Mental/memory Disorder Termed Korsakoff's Amnesiaso Far, An Upper Limit Of This Vitamin Has Not Been Set Because There Is No Reported Toxic Effectthis Additive Is Extremely Safe And Important For Public Health Though Thiamin Mononitrate Does Contribute A Small Amount Of Nitrates To The Body, The Levels Are So Low They Do Not Pose A Threat To The General Population.

Origins

Thiamine Can Be Found Naturally In Foods Like Grains, Yeast, Molasses, Pork And Animal Organ Meats Diary, Eggs And Legumes Have Smaller Amountsthough Thiamine Is Found Naturally In Foods, Thiamin Mononitrate Is Notthiamin Mononitrate Is Synthesized By Removing A Chloride Ion From Thiamin Hydrochloride And Mixing The Final Product With Nitric Acid.
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